What is sunscreen?

Sunscreen is any body lotion or cream which helps in blocking the direct UV rays from the sun. Sunscreen has other names as sunblock, which comes in different brands and strengths.

The SPF (Sun protection factor) plays a vital role in determining the strength of the sunscreen.

In harsh summery weathers, sunscreen is a must to wear. It doesn’t only protect the skin from tanning, and it also prevents skin cancer.

In this blog, we will discuss the ways to choose the right sunscreen for your body need.

How do I choose my sunscreen?

Before choosing a product for sun protection, you must check the following qualities of that product:

  • SPF (sun protection factor):

SPF is the factor that describes the penetration of UV rays inside the skin cells.

According to its strength, it allows the same percentage of penetration. For instance, any lotion with SPF 50 will only enable 1/5th part or 2% penetration of the total UV rays inside the skin cells.

For your right product, you should choose a sunscreen with 30 or more than 30 SPF.The greater the SPF value, the greater will be the protection against the damage.

According to FDA, any product with SPF lower than 15 is only capable of preventing sunburn. These products cannot efficiently protect skin against premature aging or cancer.

 

  • Broad-spectrum protection:

There are two types of UV rays: UVA and UVB. Most sunscreens only prevent the penetration of UVB rays. But you need to choose a productthat can protect against both types of rays as UVB and UVA.

Products which are not containing broad-spectrum protection can only protect against sunburn. Premature aging and other skin concerns will remain at their place.

  • Do not confuse water resistance with waterproof:

Most of the sun protection products write the words “water-resistant” in their description. But it would help if you did not consider the water-resistant as waterproof.

No product for sun protection can be sweat-proof or waterproof. If there is such a description on any product, it will only be for a few initial minutes.

For instance, you cannot go swimming with water-resistant sunscreen and think that your skin is protected. Reapply your sunscreen every 2-3 hours for your protection.

 

  • Sunscreen application:

The delivery and the application of sunscreen are other vital factorsin sun protection.

According to the recommendations of TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration), you should apply 1/3rd of the whole product for proper and complete protection.

Use at least two to three pumps of sunscreen for an individual body part.

Sunscreens are available in the forms of creams, lotions, sprays, and roll-on gels. Creams and gels are effective to use. But in the case of sprays and roll-ons, you tend to use less product, which can leave a part of the body unprotected. So, it is best to choose the type of applicator according to your budget and comfort.

Recommended SPF:

According to the complexion and individual color, the following ranges of SPF are recommended:

Color Complexion SPF recommendation
Dark 15
Medium 15
Light 30
Fair 30-50
Very Fair 50+

 

Takeaway:

Sunscreens can provide the best protection against UV rays. You should choose a suitable sunscreenaccording to your color, complexion, and body needs.